Fewer hospitalizations in home based cardiac rehab patients
Patients who participated in in-home cardiac rehabilitation had fewer hospitalizations over 12 months than patients who participated in center-based cardiac rehabilitation, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published, in JAMA Network Open.
This study tracked 2,556 patients who participated in cardiac rehabilitation from April 1, 2018, to April 30, 2019. The patients had a mean age of 67 and were about 30% women and 45% nonwhite, and 47% had a combination of health factors that would put them in a medically high-risk category.
Chileshe Nkonde-Price et al,JAMA Network Open
Universal flu vaccine for influenza A and B virus variants
A new universal flu vaccine protects against diverse variants of both influenza A and B viruses in mice, according to a new study by researchers in the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University.
The researchers designed a single, universal influenza vaccine candidate with key cross-protective, less variable parts of the influenza A and B viruses: multi-neuraminidase protein subtypes known to be major antiviral drug targets and the universally conserved M2 ectodomain protein.
Dr. Sang-Moo Kang et al, Universal protection against influenza viruses by multi-subtype neuraminidase and M2 ectodomain virus-like particle, PLoS Pathogens,DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1010755
The prevalence of illicit drug use in intensive cardiac care unit ICCU patients
Illicit drug use is associated with a nearly nine-fold greater risk of death or life-threatening emergencies in intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU) patients, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2022.
The ADDICT-ICCU study assessed the prevalence of illicit drug use and the association with in-hospital major adverse events in consecutive patients admitted for acute cardiovascular events. From 7 to 22 April 2021, all consecutive patients admitted to ICCU in 39 centers throughout France provided a urine sample tested for illegal drugs.
Dr. Theo Pezel et al, ESC Congress 2022.
Nine in ten people do not get a good night’s sleep, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2022. The study found that suboptimal sleep was associated with a higher likelihood of heart disease and stroke. The authors estimated that seven in ten of these cardiovascular conditions could be prevented if everyone was a good sleeper.
This study included 7,200 participants of the Paris Prospective Study III (PPP3). Men and women aged 50 to 75 years and free of cardiovascular disease were recruited in a preventive medical center between 2008 and 2011. Participants underwent a physical examination and completed questionnaires on lifestyle, personal and family medical history, and medical conditions.
Dr. Aboubakari Nambiema et. al,ESC Congress 2022